Firebacks began to be made in Germany at the end of the fifteenth century. From their beginning the opportunity was taken to embellish their plain surfaces, firstly using simple objects, then with carved motifs and later with designs moulded from carved patterns. Firebacks probably began to be made in England in the first quarter of the sixteenth century, in the decades following the introduction of cast iron to these islands. Their heyday was the seventeenth century, but they continue to be made as special commissions to this day. There is also a market in second-hand firebacks, in copies cast from originals and in pastiches of earlier designs.
This database has been assembled during, and subsequent to, research for the book, British Cast-Iron Firebacks of the 16th to Mid 18th Centuries (Hodgers Books, Crawley, 2010; ISBN 9780956672605; hodgers.com/books). From this page it is possible to search for details and pictures of cast-iron firebacks not only from Britain but also from continental Europe, many examples of which have found their way to Britain, particularly since the second half of the seventeenth century.
Where a number of firebacks have been identified as having characteristics suggesting a common source or patternmaker, they have been allocated a series. Firebacks with similar decorative elements, such as armorials of a particular reign or the same allegorical subject, are also grouped. Clicking on a series or other grouping on the description of a fireback will reveal others in the series or group.
This database will be added to as new examples are recorded, and the Editor will be delighted to receive details (including a photograph and dimensions) of examples visitors to the site think could be added.
The photographs of the firebacks are protected by the copyright of the owners of the places where they have been recorded and/or the photographers, and permission to use images for publication must be sought from the copyright holder, details of whom can be had from the Editor.
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British firebacks can be grouped according to several criteria, the simplest being the source of the decoration from which the design was formed:
- Designs formed using everyday objects, e.g. rope
- Designs formed using specially carved stamps, e.g. shield, letters and numerals
- Designs formed using one-piece carved patterns
Many continental firebacks were imported into Britain:
- Stoveplates: usually German, they were originally decorated plates forming the sides of cast-iron stoves
- Dutch-style firebacks: these were made in Germany for the Dutch market
- French firebacks: a number have found their way into Britain