Firebacks

731mm tall

  1. 535

    pet-m-89.jpg
    575 x 731 mm

    Description: Arched rectangular shape; no edging; raised central square surmounted by Royal Arms of Great Britain and Ireland, with Garter, crown and lion and unicorn supporters; surrounded by a horseshoe-shaped, twisted floral wreath, within which the inscription is printed in capitals. Above the arms a raised rectangular fillet is surmounted by two suspended floral swags, one above the other, comprising roses and oak apples. On each side of the fillet are two Tudor roses, one above the other.

    Notes: Dated to between 1714 and 1801. The inscription is the visible part of the lengthier formal title of the monarch, ‘By the Grace of God, of Great Britain, France and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, Duke of Brunswick and Lünenburg, Arch Treasurer and Prince Elector of the Holy Roman Empire’.

    Copies of this fireback are known.

    Inscription: MAG BRIT FRA ET HIB REX F D BRUN ET LUN DUX / HONY SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE

    Arms: English Hanoverian royal

    Manufactured: in the 18th century in England.

    Current location: Petworth House, Petworth, West Sussex, England.

    Museum number: NT/PET/M/89 (part of the National Trust museum group)

    Citation: Hodgkinson, J. S., 2010, British Cast-Iron Firebacks of the 16th to Mid-18th Centuries (Crawley, Hodgers Books).

  2. 526

    petworth_007.jpg
    552 x 731 mm

    Description: Arched rectangular central panel with bead on fillet edging; suspended from the top, by a ribbon, a ring with a parrot perched thereon, biting a twig in its right claw; below left is a seated child, and in the bottom corners the initial and monogram; around this panel is an arched rectangular border with fillet edging, at the top of which is the word, HOLLANDIA, between scrolls, with swags of fruit hung on ribbons suspended from roses down each side; at the bottom, a motto scroll bearing the inscription, ANNO 16 ...; on top, a central scallop shell between two dolphins.

    Notes: A common design among firebacks produced in Germany for the Dutch market.

    Copies of this fireback are known.

    Inscription: HOLLANDIA / H HS / ANNO 16 ...

    Manufactured: in the mid to late 17th century in the Siegerland area of Germany.

    Current location: Petworth House, Petworth, West Sussex, England.

    Museum number: NT/PET/M/70 (part of the National Trust museum group)

  3. 566

    petworth_047.jpg
    560 x 731 mm

    Description: Arched rectangular central panel; bead-on-fillet edging; wickerwork Garden of Holland (Hollandse Tuin) within which is seated a berobed female figure holding a cap of freedom on the end of a long pole; before her is the crowned heraldic lion of the States General of the Netherlands, clutching a sheaf of arrows in its left front paw; above are the words, Pro Patria; arched rectangular border with cavetto-moulded edging, with the word, Hollandia, in the arch, suspended from which are festoons of flowers and fruit and the date within a scroll on the bottom; on top, a scallop shell between two mirrored serpents.

    Notes: An overtly patriotic theme with symbols of Dutch nationhood.

    Copies of this fireback are known.

    Inscription: HOLLANDIA / PRO PATRIA / ANNO 1662

    Manufactured: in 1662 in the Siegerland area of Germany.

    Current location: Petworth House, Petworth, West Sussex, England.

    Museum number: NT/PET/M/59 (part of the National Trust museum group)

    Citation: Hodgkinson, J. S., 2010, British Cast-Iron Firebacks of the 16th to Mid-18th Centuries (Crawley, Hodgers Books).