Firebacks

Shape: rectangular

260 results

  1. 515

    penshurst_06.jpg
    1135 x 585 mm

    Description: Rectangular; rope edging (top & sides); in centre, Tudor shield, garter, crown and supporters (greyhound and lion); date top left.

    Notes: The armorial achievement is seen on other firebacks and was formed from four separate stamps (one example has the shield and garter inverted); the supporters are consistent with the date; the style of the numerals is uncharacteristic of the period. The same date in identical form is on a similar fireback at Groombridge Place, Speldhurst, Kent.

    Inscription: 1579 / HONE SOVT qVEY MAL Y PENSE

    Arms: Tudor royal

    Manufactured: in 1579 possibly at Pounsley furnace in the Weald area of England.

    Current location: Penshurst Place, Penshurst, Kent, England.

  2. 517

    penshurst_08.jpg
    1515 x 720 mm

    Description: Rectangular; ogee within broad fillet moulded edging; top centre, date between split initials, with small diamonds between date and initials and outside initials.

    Inscription: · T · 1665 · S ·

    Manufactured: in 1665 in the Weald area of England.

    Current location: Penshurst Place, Penshurst, Kent, England.

  3. 546

    pet-m-101.jpg
    403 x 350 mm

    Description: Rectangular; ovolo edging; shield, helm, crest, mantling and motto of the Merchant Taylors’ Company: Argent a Pavilion Imperial Purple garnished Or lined Ermine between two Mantles also Imperial Purple lined Ermine on a chief Azure a Lion passant guardant Or.

    Notes: Arms were re-granted to the Company in 1586; the excrescences on the helm and shield are probably the result of splashes caused when pouring the iron into the mould from too great a height.

    Inscription: CONCORDIA PARVAE RES CRESCUNT [In Harmony Small Things Grow]

    Arms: Worshipful Company of Merchant Taylors

    Manufactured: in the late 16th to early 17th century possibly in the Weald area of England.

    Current location: Petworth House, Petworth, West Sussex, England.

    Museum number: NT/PET/M/101 (part of the National Trust museum group)

    Citation: Hodgkinson, J. S., 2010, British Cast-Iron Firebacks of the 16th to Mid-18th Centuries (Crawley, Hodgers Books).

  4. 547

    pet-m-103.jpg
    697 x 812 mm

    Description: Rectangular with flanged edging; upper rectangular panel with cyma recta edging; pictorial scene of the Marriage at Cana; lower rectangular panel with fillet edging; three circular medallions with twin, concentric fillet edges, the left one with the bust of male, the right one with the bust of a female and the centre one with a floral design.

    Notes: The scene is from the New Testament - John 2.

    Manufactured: in the late 16th to early 17th century possibly in the Eifel area of Germany.

    Current location: Petworth House, Petworth, West Sussex, England.

    Museum number: NT/PET/M/103 (part of the National Trust museum group)

  5. 551

    pet-m-43.jpg
    918 x 845 mm

    Description: Rectangular; ovolo-moulded edging; top centre, stamp formed of a carved domestic scene of a family around a table, between two small mirrored rectangular stamps each of a cow; lower centre, symmetrical arrangement of two jugs, two goblets and two crossed churchwarden pipes, all in low relief.

    Notes: The domestic group has been formed from a decorative iron mantelpiece ornament portraying the tale of the goose that laid golden eggs. Having killed the goose, the family are lamenting the loss of their bounty(see Ames, 1980, p.94). The style of the fireback suggests a pastiche using designs suggesting the past. The same mantelpiece group can be seen as decoration on the kitchen range at Petworth House, West Sussex.

    Manufactured: in the early 19th century in England.

    Current location: Petworth House, Petworth, West Sussex, England.

    Museum number: NT/PET/M/43 (part of the National Trust museum group)

    Citation: Ames, A., 1980, Collecting Cast Iron (Ashbourne, Moorland Publishing)

    Citation: Arnold, F. H., 1900, 'Notes and Queries No. 7: Relics of Old Cowdray', Sussex Archaeological Collections, 43, p. 281.

  6. 579

    pet-m-70.jpg
    586 x 712 mm

    Description: Rectangular; flanged edging; upper part, pictorial scene of a landscape with tree, clouds and buildings in the background; foreground, Jesus and three disciples, and a woman pleading on her knees. Above the group, the letter D; at the bottom, the letters, MR.

    Notes: Although the quotation is given as Matthew 15: 15, the scene appears to illustrate Matthew 15: 22 - 'And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou son of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil.'

    Inscription: D / MATTHAI CAP 15 V 15 [quotation in German] / MR[?]

    Manufactured: in the mid to late 17th century in Germany.

    Current location: Petworth House, Petworth, West Sussex, England.

    Museum number: NT/PET/M/70 (part of the National Trust museum group)

  7. 522

    pet-m-76.jpg
    600 x 416 mm

    Description: Rectangular; cavetto-moulded edging; shield, helm, crest, supporters, mantling and motto of the Worshipful Company of Clothworkers: Sable a chevron ermine between in chief two Havettes Argent and in base a Teazel Cob Or; crest: on a Mount vert a Ram statant Or; supporters: two Griffins Or pellettée.

    Notes: The arms as displayed were granted in 1587; the same fireback was also used as a stamp for a large fireback of 1659 in Haslemere Museum.

    Arms: Worshipful Company of Clothworkers

    Manufactured: in the early to mid 17th century possibly in the Weald area of England.

    Current location: Petworth House, Petworth, West Sussex, England.

    Museum number: NT/PET/M/76 (part of the National Trust museum group)

  8. 524

    pet-m-78.jpg
    644 x 730 mm

    Description: Rectangular; cavetto-moulded edging; shield, crown and supporters of King Philip IV of Spain, incorporating the arms of Castille and Leon, Aragon - Sicily, Granada, Portugal, Austria, Burgundy and Brabant; around the shield is the chain of the Order of the Golden Fleece; at the top, the date split by the crown; behind, crossed lilies.

    Notes: By 1662 the arms of Portugal were redundant on the Spanish royal arms, but were retained until after the death of Philip IV; the word, LOVEN, indicates the particular association of this plate with the town of Leuven, the capital of Brabant in what was, at the time, part of the Spanish Netherlands.

    Inscription: 16 62 / LO VEN

    Arms: King Philip IV of Spain

    Manufactured: in 1662 possibly in the Eifel area of Germany.

    Current location: Petworth House, Petworth, West Sussex, England.

    Museum number: NT/PET/M/78 (part of the National Trust museum group)

  9. 550

    pet-m-92.jpg
    390 x 550 mm

    Description: Rectangular; flanged edging; rectangular upper panel with cyma recta edging; pictorial scene of Jesus sitting at the well with the woman of Samaria, inscription along the bottom edge; lower inset rectangular panel with date in relief.

    Notes: The inscription reads: From the maiden of Samaria - John 4

    Inscription: VOM FROWLEIN VON SAMARIA JOH 4 / 1649

    Manufactured: in 1649 possibly in the Eifel area of Germany.

    Current location: Petworth House, Petworth, West Sussex, England.

    Museum number: NT/PET/M/92 (part of the National Trust museum group)

  10. 562

    petworth_044.jpg
    373 x 742 mm

    Description: Rectangular; flanged edging; main panel, pictorial scene of Adam and Eve with, between them, the Tree of Life, bearing fruit, entwined by a serpent; bottom panel indistinct.

    Notes: A much worn plate.

    Copies of this fireback are known.

    Manufactured: in the mid to late 16th century possibly in the Wallonia area of Belgium.

    Current location: Petworth House, Petworth, West Sussex, England.

    Museum number: NT/PET/M/56 (part of the National Trust museum group)

    Citation: Driesch, K. von den , 1990, Handbuch der Ofen-, Kamin- und Takenplatten im Rheinland (Cologne, Rheinland-Verlag).